Malawi size is 118.000 km2 with a population estimated in 13,600.000 million people. Malawi still is in a lower situation in the United Ranking Human Development Index (HDI) 160 of 182, as one of the least developed countries in the world.
Poverty remains one of the most important social challenges in Malawi for that reason every organization is working in accelerate the poverty reduction. For getting these goals the country should work to provide the basic service as water, health and education.
Specific reference to water issue.
The percentage of population using an improving drinking water source 79,3%. That is mean access to public standpipe, borehole, protected dug well or spring or rainwater collection. 42% of the population need more than 30 minutes in arriving at the sources, 76,8% made by adult woman and 10,6 woman younger than 15 years old. 64,6% of the population do not make any treatment to the water.
Some of the effects of consuming non-treated water are: diarrhoea, Typhoid fever, Cholera disease, bhilarzia and worm infestation mainly.
One of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that Malawi has adopted is to increase the percentage of the population with sustainable access to an improved water sources in both rural and urban areas.
According to the National Statistics Office in Malawi (NSO) indicate that 99% of the population has access to safer water, but the real picture behind this figures are a bit different and ashamed: 23% of households taking more than 15 minutes to draw water while 63% 5 minutes and wait long queues for filling the tanks and piles, as many of the water access are being squeezed to the increasing of people, the dry seasons in Malawi and because others factors as earthquake.
UN General declared 2013 The International Year of Water Cooperation. Great challenges in Third World.